When first learning to use your camera in manual mode, all the buttons, settings, and screens can seem very overwhelming. At Kindred Photography Workshop our goal is to make learning to use your DSLR camera easy and fun!
To make sure your photos don't come out too bright or too dark you'll first need to know how to set your Exposure. Exposure is the amount of light that is captured when you take a photograph.
There are 3 main components of Exposure:
- Shutter Speed
We are going to first start with Aperture, or also commonly called "Depth of Field." In the next two weeks on the blog, we'll continue explaining the other two components that make up Exposure: Shutter Speed and ISO.
Aperture is the camera setting that determines how wide the opening inside the lens will open.
Aperture is also referred to as an "f-stop." The wider the aperture opens, the lower the f-stop number and vice versa. For example, f/2.8 is a LARGE aperture because the aperture opens wide. F/22 is a SMALL aperture because the aperture opens very little.
The diagram below provides a visual of the aperture opening and how it relates to depth of field and exposure.
Aperture controls two variables when taking a photo. It controls how much light will fall on the sensor, and how much "depth of field" the photo will have.
Depth of field means how much of your foreground and background will be in focus around your subject.
A LARGE aperture will create a BRIGHTER exposure and a SHALLOW depth of field.
A SMALL aperture will create a DARKER exposure and a DEEP depth of field.
These terms: large, small, shallow, deep, brighter, darker, will all be covered more in depth during the Kindred Photography Workshop, but it is always helpful to be familiar with their relationships when learning to use your DSLR camera in manual mode.
Stay tuned for more info related to Shutter Speed and ISO!